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A new EU’s €9 million programme to peace in Syria.

Verantwortlicher Autor: Carlo Marino Rome, 21.12.2017, 11:22 Uhr
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Rome [ENA] The war in Syria is one of the worst humanitarian crises the world has faced since World War II. It continues to have devastating and tragic consequences for its people. It is also having a progressively more undermining influence on the wider region, through the dislodgment of people, the increase of terrorism, the worsening of political and sectarian differences. The European Union pursues the goal of ending

the conflict that first broke out in March 2011 and which has caused at least 350,000 deaths and millions of displaced. There can be no military solution to the conflict, and the elimination of Da'esh and other UN-listed terrorist entities in Syria requires a political solution to the conflict in the Western Asia Country. The EU's strategic objectives in Syria are focused on various key areas. First of all, an end to the war through a genuine political transition, according to UNSCR 2254, negotiated by the parties to the conflict under the auspices of the UN Special Envoy for Syria and with the support of key international and regional actors.

The Promotion of a meaningful and inclusive transition in Syria, in line with UN Security Council Resolution 2254 and the Geneva Communiqué, through support for the strengthening of the political opposition is another of the key areas. Saving lives by addressing the humanitarian needs of the most vulnerable Syrians across the country in a timely, effective, efficient and principled manner. On the other side there’s the necessity of promoting democracy, human rights and freedom of speech by strengthening Syrian civil society organisations and the accountability for war crimes with a view to facilitating a national reconciliation process and transitional justice.

The above-mentioned way for a transition in Syria of course do not take place overnight but can show the way to a particular support to the resilience of the Syrian population and Syrian society. The European Union has just approved the second phase of the “Syria Peace Support Initiative” under the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP). As the follow-up of phase I, the new phase will further offer financial, technical and analytical support to the general work to reach a negotiated political transition in Syria. It will in particular continue go with the mediation role of the United Nations Special Envoy in the context of the political negotiations in Geneva.

The High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini declared: "The EU has always supported the UN-led process as the relevant framework for reaching a political solution to the Syrian conflict. This is the process on which and in which we are investing, supporting the intra-Syrian talks, the UN facilitation and the work of the Syrian opposition, civil society, especially the women of Syria. Only an inclusive political process and transition can make all Syrians -who are inside Syria or elsewhere in the region and in Europe- feel at home in their own country and to contribute to its rebirth, shaping Syria's future unity and reconciliation".

The programme will build on an intervention launched in the wake of the adoption of United Nations Security Council Resolution 2254 on 18 December 2015. The initiative has been instrumental in supporting the UN-led peace talks in Geneva, the consolidation of the Syrian opposition's negotiation platform, as well as attempts to promote an wide-ranging vision of transition for Syria, including through direct support to civil society networks, women and human rights organizations.

Along the lines of the EU Strategy for Syria, the European Union remains committed to contribute to peace and a credible political transition in Syria. With a second Ministerial conference to be held next spring in Brussels, the EU is the largest donor in the international response to the Syrian crisis, with over €10 billion from the EU and Member States as a group allocated in humanitarian, development, economic and stabilization assistance for Syrians inside Syria and in neighbouring countries since the start of the crisis.

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